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SQL Partition By Explained
 
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Using Oracle's SQL, I'll explain how to use Partition By. This will be similar in other SQL engines that have the Partition By keyword.
Views: 26757 Pretty Printed
Oracle Partition By clause, Oracle Analytic Functions tutorial
 
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More about analytic functions, visit http://www.learn-with-video-tutorials.com Oracle Analytic Functions and Over By Partition clause enable calculating cumulative and moving aggregates returning multiple rows for each group.
Over clause in SQL Server
 
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over partition by in sql server 2008 sql server over clause partition partition by clause in sql server 2008 over partition by clause in sql In this video we will discuss the power and use of Over clause in SQL Server. The OVER clause combined with PARTITION BY is used to break up data into partitions. Syntax : function (...) OVER (PARTITION BY col1, Col2, ...) The specified function operates for each partition. For example : COUNT(Gender) OVER (PARTITION BY Gender) will partition the data by GENDER i.e there will 2 partitions (Male and Female) and then the COUNT() function is applied over each partition. Any of the following functions can be used. Please note this is not the complete list. COUNT(), AVG(), SUM(), MIN(), MAX(), ROW_NUMBER(), RANK(), DENSE_RANK() etc. Example : SQl Script to create Employees table Create Table Employees ( Id int primary key, Name nvarchar(50), Gender nvarchar(10), Salary int ) Go Insert Into Employees Values (1, 'Mark', 'Male', 5000) Insert Into Employees Values (2, 'John', 'Male', 4500) Insert Into Employees Values (3, 'Pam', 'Female', 5500) Insert Into Employees Values (4, 'Sara', 'Female', 4000) Insert Into Employees Values (5, 'Todd', 'Male', 3500) Insert Into Employees Values (6, 'Mary', 'Female', 5000) Insert Into Employees Values (7, 'Ben', 'Male', 6500) Insert Into Employees Values (8, 'Jodi', 'Female', 7000) Insert Into Employees Values (9, 'Tom', 'Male', 5500) Insert Into Employees Values (10, 'Ron', 'Male', 5000) Go Write a query to retrieve total count of employees by Gender. Also in the result we want Average, Minimum and Maximum salary by Gender. This can be very easily achieved using a simple GROUP BY query as show below. SELECT Gender, COUNT(*) AS GenderTotal, AVG(Salary) AS AvgSal, MIN(Salary) AS MinSal, MAX(Salary) AS MaxSal FROM Employees GROUP BY Gender What if we want non-aggregated values (like employee Name and Salary) in result set along with aggregated values You cannot include non-aggregated columns in the GROUP BY query. SELECT Name, Salary, Gender, COUNT(*) AS GenderTotal, AVG(Salary) AS AvgSal, MIN(Salary) AS MinSal, MAX(Salary) AS MaxSal FROM Employees GROUP BY Gender The above query will result in the following error : Column 'Employees.Name' is invalid in the select list because it is not contained in either an aggregate function or the GROUP BY clause One way to achieve this is by including the aggregations in a subquery and then JOINING it with the main query as shown in the example below. Look at the amount of T-SQL code we have to write. SELECT Name, Salary, Employees.Gender, Genders.GenderTotals, Genders.AvgSal, Genders.MinSal, Genders.MaxSal FROM Employees INNER JOIN (SELECT Gender, COUNT(*) AS GenderTotals, AVG(Salary) AS AvgSal, MIN(Salary) AS MinSal, MAX(Salary) AS MaxSal FROM Employees GROUP BY Gender) AS Genders ON Genders.Gender = Employees.Gender Better way of doing this is by using the OVER clause combined with PARTITION BY SELECT Name, Salary, Gender, COUNT(Gender) OVER(PARTITION BY Gender) AS GenderTotals, AVG(Salary) OVER(PARTITION BY Gender) AS AvgSal, MIN(Salary) OVER(PARTITION BY Gender) AS MinSal, MAX(Salary) OVER(PARTITION BY Gender) AS MaxSal FROM Employees Text version of the video http://csharp-video-tutorials.blogspot.com/2015/09/over-clause-in-sql-server.html Slides http://csharp-video-tutorials.blogspot.com/2015/09/over-clause-in-sql-server_29.html All SQL Server Text Articles http://csharp-video-tutorials.blogspot.com/p/free-sql-server-video-tutorials-for.html All SQL Server Slides http://csharp-video-tutorials.blogspot.com/p/sql-server.html All Dot Net and SQL Server Tutorials in English https://www.youtube.com/user/kudvenkat/playlists?view=1&sort=dd All Dot Net and SQL Server Tutorials in Arabic https://www.youtube.com/c/KudvenkatArabic/playlists
Views: 82389 kudvenkat
01 Overview of table Partition in oracle
 
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Partitioning enhances the performance, manageability, and availability of a wide variety of applications and helps reduce the total cost of ownership for storing large amounts of data. Partitioning allows tables, indexes, and index-organized tables to be subdivided into smaller pieces, enabling these database objects to be managed and accessed at a finer level of granularity. Oracle provides a rich variety of partitioning strategies and extensions to address every business requirement. Moreover, since it is entirely transparent, partitioning can be applied to almost any application without the need for potentially expensive and time consuming application changes. Partitioning allows a table, index, or index-organized table to be subdivided into smaller pieces, where each piece of such a database object is called a partition. Each partition has its own name, and may optionally have its own storage characteristics. From the perspective of a database administrator, a partitioned object has multiple pieces that can be managed either collectively or individually. This gives the administrator considerable flexibility in managing partitioned objects. However, from the perspective of the application, a partitioned table is identical to a non-partitioned table; no modifications are necessary when accessing a partitioned table using SQL queries and DML statements. Partitioning Key ======================== Each row in a partitioned table is unambiguously assigned to a single partition. The partitioning key is comprised of one or more columns that determine the partition where each row will be stored. Oracle automatically directs insert, update, and delete operations to the appropriate partition through the use of the partitioning key. When to Partition a Table ========================== Here are some suggestions for when to partition a table: Tables greater than 2 GB should always be considered as candidates for partitioning. Tables containing historical data, in which new data is added into the newest partition. A typical example is a historical table where only the current month's data is updatable and the other 11 months are read only. When the contents of a table need to be distributed across different types of storage devices. When to Partition an Index ============================= Here are some suggestions for when to consider partitioning an index: Avoid rebuilding the entire index when data is removed. Perform maintenance on parts of the data without invalidating the entire index. Reduce the impact of index skew caused by an index on a column with a monotonically increasing value. Partitioned Index-Organized Tables =================================== Partitioned index-organized tables are very useful for providing improved performance, manageability, and availability for index-organized tables. For partitioning an index-organized table: ============================================ Partition columns must be a subset of the primary key columns Secondary indexes can be partitioned (both locally and globally) OVERFLOW data segments are always equi-partitioned with the table partitions See Also: Oracle Database Concepts for more information about index-organized tables System Partitioning System partitioning enables application-controlled partitioning without having the database controlling the data placement. The database simply provides the ability to break down a table into partitions without knowing what the individual partitions are going to be used for. All aspects of partitioning have to be controlled by the application. For example, an insertion into a system partitioned table without the explicit specification of a partition will fail. System partitioning provides the well-known benefits of partitioning (scalability, availability, and manageability), but the partitioning and actual data placement are controlled by the application. See Also: Oracle Database Data Cartridge Developer's Guide for more information about system partitioning Partitioning for Information Lifecycle Management Information Lifecycle Management (ILM) is concerned with managing data during its lifetime. Partitioning plays a key role in ILM because it enables groups of data (that is, partitions) to be distributed across different types of storage devices and managed individually.
Views: 6854 OnLinE ReSoUrCe
Oracle LISTAGG Function
 
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https://www.databasestar.com/oracle-listagg/ The Oracle LISTAGG function allows you to aggregate or combine string values from multiple rows into a single row. For example, it turns this data: FIRST_NAME Adam Brad Carrie Into this data: FIRST_NAME Adam, Brad, Carrie The same data is shown, but it’s in one row and not multiple. It’s a valuable string manipulation function, and once you know what it is and how it works, you’ll be able to use it in your queries as needed. So what does it look like? The function is: LISTAGG ( measure_expr [, delimiter]) WITHIN GROUP (order_by_clause) [OVER query_partition_clause] These parameters are: measure_expr: This is a column or expression that you want to concatenate the values of. In the example above, it was the first_name column. Mandatory. delimiter: This is the character between each of the measure_expr values. Optional, the default is a comma. order_by_clause: This is the order that the values from the measure_expr are listed. Mandatory. query_partition_clause: This allows you to use LISTAGG as an analytic function, allowing you to show LISTAGG in groups for different rows. One thing to be aware of is that the output of the Oracle LISTAGG function is limited to 4,000 bytes. If you get more than this, you’ll receive an error. The most common way around this that I’ve seen is to write a custom function and use a CLOB. Watch the video to find out more and see some examples. For more information about the Oracle LISTAGG function, including all of the SQL shown in this video and the examples, read the related article here: https://www.databasestar.com/oracle-listagg/
Views: 2371 Database Star
02 How to configure Rang partition In oracle database
 
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Now a days enterprises run databases of hundred of Gigabytes in size. These databases are known as Very Large Databases (VLDB). From Oracle Ver. 8.0 Oracle has provided the feature of table partitioning i.e. you can partition a table according to some criteria . For example you have a SALES table with the following structure Suppose this table contains millions of records, but all the records belong to four years only i.e. 1991, 1992, 1993 and 1994. And most of the time you are concerned about only one year i.e. you give queries like the following select sum(amt) from sales where year=1991; select product,sum(amt) from sales where year=1992 Group by product; Now whenever you give queries like this Oracle will search the whole table. If you partition this table according to year, then the performance is improve since oracle will scan only a single partition instead of whole table. This type of partitioning is useful when dealing with data that has logical ranges into which it can be distributed; for example, value of year. Performance is best when the data evenly distributes across the range
Views: 1835 OnLinE ReSoUrCe
SQL tutorial 62: Indexes In Oracle Database By Manish Sharma RebellionRider
 
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Watch and learn concepts of SQL Index In Oracle Database. In this tutorial you will learn about B-Tree Index and Function based Index. ------------------------------------------------------------------------ ►►►LINKS◄◄◄ Blog : Previous Tutorial ► ------------------------------------------------------------------------- ►►►Help Me In Getting A Job◄◄◄ ►Help Me In Getting A Good Job By Connecting With Me on My LinkedIn and Endorsing My Skills. All My Contact Info is Down Below. You Can Also Refer Me To Your Company Thanks ------------------------------------------------------------------------- Copy Cloud referral link || Use this link to join copy cloud and get 20GB of free storage https://copy.com?r=kb4rc1 -------------------------------------------------------------------------- ►Make sure you SUBSCRIBE and be the 1st one to see my videos! -------------------------------------------------------------------------- Amazon Wishlist: http://bit.ly/wishlist-amazon ~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~ ►►►Find me on Social Media◄◄◄ Follow What I am up to as it happens on https://twitter.com/rebellionrider https://www.facebook.com/imthebhardwaj http://instagram.com/rebellionrider https://plus.google.com/+Rebellionrider http://in.linkedin.com/in/mannbhardwaj/ http://rebellionrider.tumblr.com/ http://www.pinterest.com/rebellionrider/ You can also Email me at for E-mail address please check About section Please please LIKE and SHARE my videos it makes me happy. Thanks for liking, commenting, sharing and watching more of our videos This is Manish from RebellionRider.com ♥ I LOVE ALL MY VIEWERS AND SUBSCRIBERS
Views: 40119 Manish Sharma
Oracle sql Interview Question : How to change rows to column
 
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This video tutorial talks about the frequently asked oracle sql interview question of changing rows to the column. Based on the given scenario, we are asked to change the presentation of data in a table with 3 rows and 2 column to 3 columns and 2 rows. Decode Function in oracle https://youtu.be/YUAjPMjqMws Pivot and unpivot in oracle https://youtu.be/6s0DI1YcWIM
Views: 13330 Kishan Mashru
How to use partitioning to improve performance of large tables
 
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In this video we cover in much more detail the improvement in performance that can be achieved by using partitioning. MS SQL server databases can scale well using this feature. We cover how partitioning a table gives similar performance as a single table with a clustered index, we then explore how adding NC index improve performance of the heap table as well as the partitioned table.
Views: 17834 Jayanth Kurup
ROWID VS ROWNUM IN ORACLE
 
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This Video explains the difference between ROWID and ROWNUM using real project examples. ROWID provides the unique physical address where the row is being stored. ROWNUM indicates the order in which the data was returned from the select query.
Views: 2299 Tech Coach
Oracle Midlands #5: Boost Performance by Clustering Data - Martin Widlake
 
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This was the first talk of Oracle Midlands #5 (16th September 2014). Martin discusses the performance benefits possible when using IOTs, partitioning and some other techniques. The slides are available at https://www.dropbox.com/sh/g2tv2cvq20keeee/AABLCnOTEba-dtKnJTddCO8Sa This event was sponsored by Red Gate (http://www.red-gate.com/). See more events at http://OracleMidlands.com/ Copyright Disclaimer Under Section 107 of the Copyright Act 1976, allowance is made for fair use for purposes such as criticism, comment, news reporting, teaching, scholarship, and research. Fair use is a use permitted by copyright statute that might otherwise be infringing. Non-profit, educational or personal use tips the balance in favor of fair use. "Fair Dealing" under UK Copyright, Designs and Patents Act 1988.
Views: 467 Oracle Midlands
ORACLE SQL INTERVIEW QUESTION : HOW TO SELECT ODD OR EVEN ROWS FROM A TABLE IN ORACLE
 
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This video tutorial answers the frequently asked interview question, how to select only odd or even records in oracle sql, after watching this video you will understand more on the topic and will be able to answer this interview question with a lot of confidence.
Views: 3808 Kishan Mashru
Advanced SQL Queries in Oracle and SQL Server - What is PARTITION BY?
 
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This video clip, on the PARTITION BY Clause used with analytic functions, is taken from my www.pluralsight.com course "Advanced SQL Queries in Oracle and SQL Server". Click here to learn more about this course: http://www.pluralsight.com/courses/adv-sql-queries-oracle-sql-server?utm_source=youtube&utm_medium=video&utm_campaign=authordemo.
Views: 5349 sheepsqueezersYT
T-SQL: Over() and Partition By
 
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Show how to use OVER and PARTITION BY to get groups of data with aggregation.
Views: 5505 MidnightDBA
Combined use ORDER BY and PARTITION BY clauses together in Oracle SQL
 
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In this video tutorial we will learn piecing the ORDER BY and PARTITION BY clauses in Oracle SQL
Views: 52 Spod ssppoodd
Hash Partition in Oracle
 
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This course has been designed to impart the in-depth knowledge about the partitioning types and architecture in the Oracle RDBMS. For more information on this course, please visit https://www.koenig-solutions.com/oracle-database-12-c-implement-partitioning-training.aspx
Views: 61 Koenig Solutions
Row Number function in SQL Server
 
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sql server row_number example sql server row number by partition sql server row_number over partition by order by In this video we will discuss Row_Number function in SQL Server. This is continuation to Part 108. Please watch Part 108 from SQL Server tutorial before proceeding. Row_Number function Introduced in SQL Server 2005 Returns the sequential number of a row starting at 1 ORDER BY clause is required PARTITION BY clause is optional When the data is partitioned, row number is reset to 1 when the partition changes Syntax : ROW_NUMBER() OVER (ORDER BY Col1, Col2) Row_Number function without PARTITION BY : In this example, data is not partitioned, so ROW_NUMBER will provide a consecutive numbering for all the rows in the table based on the order of rows imposed by the ORDER BY clause. SELECT Name, Gender, Salary, ROW_NUMBER() OVER (ORDER BY Gender) AS RowNumber FROM Employees Please note : If ORDER BY clause is not specified you will get the following error The function 'ROW_NUMBER' must have an OVER clause with ORDER BY Row_Number function with PARTITION BY : In this example, data is partitioned by Gender, so ROW_NUMBER will provide a consecutive numbering only for the rows with in a parttion. When the partition changes the row number is reset to 1. SELECT Name, Gender, Salary, ROW_NUMBER() OVER (PARTITION BY Gender ORDER BY Gender) AS RowNumber FROM Employees Use case for Row_Number function : Deleting all duplicate rows except one from a sql server table. Discussed in detail in Part 4 of SQL Server Interview Questions and Answers video series. Text version of the video http://csharp-video-tutorials.blogspot.com/2015/09/rownumber-function-in-sql-server.html Slides http://csharp-video-tutorials.blogspot.com/2015/09/rownumber-function-in-sql-server_30.html All SQL Server Text Articles http://csharp-video-tutorials.blogspot.com/p/free-sql-server-video-tutorials-for.html All SQL Server Slides http://csharp-video-tutorials.blogspot.com/p/sql-server.html All Dot Net and SQL Server Tutorials in English https://www.youtube.com/user/kudvenkat/playlists?view=1&sort=dd All Dot Net and SQL Server Tutorials in Arabic https://www.youtube.com/c/KudvenkatArabic/playlists
Views: 77472 kudvenkat
ORACLE Analytic Functions for Data Warehousing 2/ Arabic
 
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ORACLE Analytic Functions for Data Warehousing 2/ Arabic FIRST_VALUE last_VALUE row_number() --FIRST_VALUE and LAST_VALUE Analytic Functions select EMPLOYEE_ID, FIRST_NAME, HIRE_DATE from employees order by hire_date; select EMPLOYEE_ID, FIRST_NAME, HIRE_DATE , min(HIRE_DATE) over ( ) first_HIRE_DATE from employees select EMPLOYEE_ID, FIRST_NAME, HIRE_DATE , FIRST_VALUE(HIRE_DATE) over ( ) first_HIRE_DATE from employees order by hire_date; select EMPLOYEE_ID, FIRST_NAME, HIRE_DATE , max(HIRE_DATE ) over ( ) last_HIRE_DATE from employees select EMPLOYEE_ID, FIRST_NAME, HIRE_DATE , last_VALUE(HIRE_DATE ) over ( ) last_HIRE_DATE from employees order by HIRE_DATE drop table student_exam_result; CREATE TABLE student_exam_result (student_id number, exame_name varchar2(100), exame_try number, exame_results number ); insert into student_exam_result values(1,'calcluas',1,50); insert into student_exam_result values(1,'calcluas',2,66); insert into student_exam_result values(1,'calcluas',3,20); insert into student_exam_result values(2,'calcluas',1,66); insert into student_exam_result values(2,'calcluas',2,null); insert into student_exam_result values(2,'calcluas',3,7); insert into student_exam_result values(3,'calcluas',1,50); insert into student_exam_result values(3,'calcluas',2,98); insert into student_exam_result values(3,'calcluas',3,null); select * from student_exam_result select student_id, exame_name,exame_try,exame_results, last_value(exame_results) IGNORE NULLS over (PARTITION BY student_id, exame_name ) last_grade from student_exam_result order by student_id, exame_name, exame_try select student_id, exame_name,exame_try,exame_results, last_value(exame_results) IGNORE NULLS over (PARTITION BY student_id, exame_name ) last_grade, max(exame_results) over (PARTITION BY student_id, exame_name ) max_grade, avg(exame_results) over (PARTITION BY student_id, exame_name ) avg_grade from student_exam_result order by student_id, exame_name, exame_try ------------------------ select employee_id,first_name ,row_number() over(order by employee_id ) from employees select employee_id,first_name ,rownum from employees select employee_id,first_name ,department_id, row_number() over(partition by department_id order by employee_id ) from employees
Views: 589 khaled alkhudari
How to return multiple values from a function in oracle pl/sql ? (without using out parameter)
 
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This video demonstrates how a function can return multiple values to the calling environment, but without using multiple out parameters, the video shows an example on how we can create a object, a nested table based on the object and then returning the nested table type from the function.
Views: 17670 Kishan Mashru
Select Top N Query
 
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http://zerotoprotraining.com Select Top N Query Category: Oracle SQL Tags: Select Top N Query
Views: 1970 HandsonERP
Hierarchical Queries in Oracle/ عربي
 
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start with & connect by prior Hierarchical Queries in Oracle ملاحظه : اشارة الاكبر غير مسموحة في الوصف --1--- select employee_id, first_name,last_name,manager_id from employees; --2--- select employee_id, first_name,last_name,manager_id from employees where manager_id=100; --3--- select employee_id, first_name,last_name,manager_id from employees where manager_id=101; --4--- select employee_id, first_name,last_name,manager_id from employees where manager_id=108; --5--- select employee_id, first_name,last_name,manager_id from employees where manager_id in (109,110,111,112,113) --6--- select employee_id, first_name,last_name,manager_id from employees start with employee_id=100 connect by prior employee_id=manager_id --top down --7--- select employee_id, first_name,last_name,manager_id from employees start with employee_id=113 connect by prior manager_id =employee_id --buttom up --8--- --let us take this and try to do nice thing --Neena Kochhar work for Steven King select employee_id, first_name,last_name,manager_id from employees start with employee_id=100 connect by prior employee_id=manager_id --top down --9--- select first_name||' '||last_name ||' work for '|| (select first_name||' '||last_name from employees e where e.employee_id=a.manager_id ) from employees a start with employee_id=100 connect by prior employee_id=manager_id --top down --10--- select first_name||' '||last_name ||' work for '|| prior first_name||' '||prior last_name from employees start with employee_id=100 connect by prior employee_id=manager_id --top down --11--- select level,employee_id, first_name,last_name,manager_id from employees start with employee_id=100 connect by prior employee_id=manager_id --top down --1 mean root --2 mean child of root --3 mean child of child , and so on --12--- select level,employee_id, first_name,last_name,manager_id from employees where level=2 start with employee_id=100 connect by prior employee_id=manager_id --13--- select lpad ('khaled',10, 0) from dual --14--- select level, case when level=1 then first_name||' '||last_name when level Greater sign 1 then lpad (first_name||' '||last_name,length(first_name||' '||last_name)+level-1, '-') end tree from employees start with employee_id=100 connect by prior employee_id=manager_id --top down ---------------------- --15--- select employee_id, first_name,last_name,manager_id from employees start with employee_id=100 connect by prior employee_id=manager_id --top down --16--- select employee_id, first_name,last_name,manager_id from employees start with employee_id=100 connect by manager_id= prior employee_id --top down
Views: 2396 khaled alkhudari
Merge Statement in Oracle SQL with Example (UPDATE/DELETE or INSERT)
 
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This video demonstrates how to write a Merge Statement in oracle sql, how it is useful in doing a conditional update or delete or both of them when the condition between the target table and source table is evaluated to true, and how we can insert the record into the target table when condition is evaluated to false. The video also shows the use of UPDATE, DELETE and INSERT with Merge, and also the various possible ways to use a Merge statement!!!
Views: 7988 Kishan Mashru
How to add Hard Disks in Oracle VirtualBox
 
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We will learn how to add hard disks into an existing virtual machines. This is identical to adding hard disks to a physical machine and can be used for a variety of reasons: more data storage, better performance or increased reliability via RAID setup and others. Dynamic Storage Terms: http://www.avoiderrors.net/?p=4034
Views: 37653 AvoidErrors
Find Duplicate Rows in SQL - Select Statement Tutorial
 
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Find duplicate row values in a field or multiple fields in SQL Server table with this tutorial. Do this for one column, or multiple columns. Uses SQL Server Management Studio for the demonstration.
Views: 41936 Edward Kench
Oracle Rowid, RowNum and row_number
 
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Oracle Rowid, RowNum and row_number... Explained in detailed...
Views: 5671 CONNECT TO LEARN
HAVING clause and difference with GROUP BY & WHERE clause in SQL statement
 
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Using HAVING clause and difference with GROUP BY & WHERE clause in SQL statement Link for scripts on my blog: https://sqlwithmanoj.com/2015/05/23/sql-basics-difference-between-where-group-by-and-having-clause/ Check the whole "SQL Server Basics" series here: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLU9JMEzjCv14f3cWDhubPaddxRvx1reKR Check my SQL blog at: http://sqlwithmanoj.com/ Check my SQL FB Page at: https://www.facebook.com/sqlwithmanoj
Views: 60320 SQL with Manoj
Rank and Dense Rank in SQL Server
 
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rank and dense_rank example difference between rank and dense_rank with example rank vs dense_rank in sql server 2008 sql server difference between rank and dense_rank In this video we will discuss Rank and Dense_Rank functions in SQL Server Rank and Dense_Rank functions Introduced in SQL Server 2005 Returns a rank starting at 1 based on the ordering of rows imposed by the ORDER BY clause ORDER BY clause is required PARTITION BY clause is optional When the data is partitioned, rank is reset to 1 when the partition changes Difference between Rank and Dense_Rank functions Rank function skips ranking(s) if there is a tie where as Dense_Rank will not. For example : If you have 2 rows at rank 1 and you have 5 rows in total. RANK() returns - 1, 1, 3, 4, 5 DENSE_RANK returns - 1, 1, 2, 3, 4 Syntax : RANK() OVER (ORDER BY Col1, Col2, ...) DENSE_RANK() OVER (ORDER BY Col1, Col2, ...) RANK() and DENSE_RANK() functions without PARTITION BY clause : In this example, data is not partitioned, so RANK() function provides a consecutive numbering except when there is a tie. Rank 2 is skipped as there are 2 rows at rank 1. The third row gets rank 3. DENSE_RANK() on the other hand will not skip ranks if there is a tie. The first 2 rows get rank 1. Third row gets rank 2. SELECT Name, Salary, Gender, RANK() OVER (ORDER BY Salary DESC) AS [Rank], DENSE_RANK() OVER (ORDER BY Salary DESC) AS DenseRank FROM Employees RANK() and DENSE_RANK() functions with PARTITION BY clause : Notice when the partition changes from Female to Male Rank is reset to 1 SELECT Name, Salary, Gender, RANK() OVER (PARTITION BY Gender ORDER BY Salary DESC) AS [Rank], DENSE_RANK() OVER (PARTITION BY Gender ORDER BY Salary DESC) AS DenseRank FROM Employees Use case for RANK and DENSE_RANK functions : Both these functions can be used to find Nth highest salary. However, which function to use depends on what you want to do when there is a tie. Let me explain with an example. If there are 2 employees with the FIRST highest salary, there are 2 different business cases 1. If your business case is, not to produce any result for the SECOND highest salary, then use RANK function 2. If your business case is to return the next Salary after the tied rows as the SECOND highest Salary, then use DENSE_RANK function Since we have 2 Employees with the FIRST highest salary. Rank() function will not return any rows for the SECOND highest Salary. WITH Result AS ( SELECT Salary, RANK() OVER (ORDER BY Salary DESC) AS Salary_Rank FROM Employees ) SELECT TOP 1 Salary FROM Result WHERE Salary_Rank = 2 Though we have 2 Employees with the FIRST highest salary. Dense_Rank() function returns, the next Salary after the tied rows as the SECOND highest Salary WITH Result AS ( SELECT Salary, DENSE_RANK() OVER (ORDER BY Salary DESC) AS Salary_Rank FROM Employees ) SELECT TOP 1 Salary FROM Result WHERE Salary_Rank = 2 You can also use RANK and DENSE_RANK functions to find the Nth highest Salary among Male or Female employee groups. The following query finds the 3rd highest salary amount paid among the Female employees group WITH Result AS ( SELECT Salary, Gender, DENSE_RANK() OVER (PARTITION BY Gender ORDER BY Salary DESC) AS Salary_Rank FROM Employees ) SELECT TOP 1 Salary FROM Result WHERE Salary_Rank = 3 AND Gender = 'Female' Text version of the video http://csharp-video-tutorials.blogspot.com/2015/10/rank-and-denserank-in-sql-server.html Slides http://csharp-video-tutorials.blogspot.com/2015/10/rank-and-denserank-in-sql-server_1.html All SQL Server Text Articles http://csharp-video-tutorials.blogspot.com/p/free-sql-server-video-tutorials-for.html All SQL Server Slides http://csharp-video-tutorials.blogspot.com/p/sql-server.html All Dot Net and SQL Server Tutorials in English https://www.youtube.com/user/kudvenkat/playlists?view=1&sort=dd All Dot Net and SQL Server Tutorials in Arabic https://www.youtube.com/c/KudvenkatArabic/playlists
Views: 71929 kudvenkat
Oracle Hints Tutorial for improving performance
 
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Oracle Hints Tutorial for improving performance APPEND PARALLEL JOIN INDEX NO_INDEX SELECT /*+ FIRST_ROWS(10) */ * FROM emp WHERE deptno = 10; SELECT /*+ ALL_ROWS */ * FROM emp WHERE deptno = 10; SELECT /*+ NO_INDEX(emp emp_dept_idx) */ * FROM emp, dept WHERE emp.deptno = dept.deptno; SELECT /*+ INDEX(e,emp_dept_idx) */ * FROM emp e WHERE e.deptno = 10; -- SELECT /*+ INDEX(scott.emp,emp_dept_idx) */ * FROM scott.emp; SELECT /*+ AND_EQUAL(e,emp_dept_idx) */ * FROM emp e; SELECT /*+ INDEX_JOIN(e,emp_dept_idx) */ * FROM emp e; SELECT /*+ PARALLEL_INDEX(e,emp_dept_idx , 8) */ * FROM emp e; SELECT /*+ LEADING (dept) */ * FROM emp, dept WHERE emp.deptno = dept.deptno; SELECT /*+ PARALLEL(8) CACHE (e) FULL (e) */ * FROM emp e ; SELECT /*+ PARALLEL FULL (e) */ * FROM emp e ; SELECT /*+ PARALLEL USE_MERGE (emp dept) */ * FROM emp, dept WHERE emp.deptno = dept.deptno; -- SORT Merge Join SELECT /*+ PARALLEL USE_HASH (emp dept) */ * FROM emp, dept WHERE emp.deptno = dept.deptno; -- Hash Join SELECT /*+ PARALLEL */ * FROM emp e ; INSERT /*+ APPEND */ INTO mytmp select /*+ CACHE (e) */ *from emp e; commit;
Views: 5683 TechLake
SQL Tutorial - Window Functions
 
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Another fantastic SQL Tutorial brought to you by BeardedDev. In this video we begin to explore Window Functions and their purpose within SQL Server. Window Functions are used for performing data analysis calculations and address an important need compared to the GROUP BY clause that we are able to return the underlying data in the same query. This video shows an example of the differences between the GROUP BY clause and Window Functions. Window Functions were first introduced in SQL Server 2005 but further enhancements and support was added in SQL Server 2012. We look at the OVER clause and PARTITION BY. Window Functions can only be included within SELECT or ORDER BY clauses. Functions Available: Aggregate - COUNT, SUM, MIN, MAX, AVG Offset - FIRST_VALUE, LAST_VALUE, LEAD, LAG Statistical - PERCENT_RANK, CUME_DIST, PERCENTILE_CONT, PERCENTILE_DIST Windows Functions also have FRAMES ROWS RANGE Window Functions are a powerful tool within SQL Server and I am excited to bring more videos and tutorials working with Window Functions in the future. Code: WITH CTE AS ( SELECT Sales_Id , SUM(Line_Total) AS Total FROM Sales_Details GROUP BY Sales_Id ) SELECT * FROM CTE AS A INNER JOIN Sales_Details AS B ON A.Sales_Id = B.Sales_Id SELECT Sales_Id , Sales_Date , Item , Price , Quantity , Line_Total , COUNT(Line_Total) OVER(PARTITION BY Sales_Id) AS Line_Count , SUM(Line_Total) OVER(PARTITION BY Sales_Id) AS Sales_Total , SUM(Line_Total) OVER(PARTITION BY Sales_Date) AS Daily_Total , SUM(Line_Total) OVER() AS Total FROM Sales_Details ORDER BY Sales_Total
Views: 8325 BeardedDev
Part 1   How to find nth highest salary in sql
 
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Link for all dot net and sql server video tutorial playlists http://www.youtube.com/user/kudvenkat/playlists Link for slides, code samples and text version of the video http://csharp-video-tutorials.blogspot.com/2014/05/part-1-how-to-find-nth-highest-salary_17.html This is a very common SQL Server Interview Question. There are several ways of finding the nth highest salary. By the end of this video, we will be able to answer all the following questions as well. How to find nth highest salary in SQL Server using a Sub-Query How to find nth highest salary in SQL Server using a CTE How to find the 2nd, 3rd or 15th highest salary Let's use the following Employees table for this demo Use the following script to create Employees table Create table Employees ( ID int primary key identity, FirstName nvarchar(50), LastName nvarchar(50), Gender nvarchar(50), Salary int ) GO Insert into Employees values ('Ben', 'Hoskins', 'Male', 70000) Insert into Employees values ('Mark', 'Hastings', 'Male', 60000) Insert into Employees values ('Steve', 'Pound', 'Male', 45000) Insert into Employees values ('Ben', 'Hoskins', 'Male', 70000) Insert into Employees values ('Philip', 'Hastings', 'Male', 45000) Insert into Employees values ('Mary', 'Lambeth', 'Female', 30000) Insert into Employees values ('Valarie', 'Vikings', 'Female', 35000) Insert into Employees values ('John', 'Stanmore', 'Male', 80000) GO To find the highest salary it is straight forward. We can simply use the Max() function as shown below. Select Max(Salary) from Employees To get the second highest salary use a sub query along with Max() function as shown below. Select Max(Salary) from Employees where Salary [ (Select Max(Salary) from Employees) To find nth highest salary using Sub-Query SELECT TOP 1 SALARY FROM ( SELECT DISTINCT TOP N SALARY FROM EMPLOYEES ORDER BY SALARY DESC ) RESULT ORDER BY SALARY To find nth highest salary using CTE WITH RESULT AS ( SELECT SALARY, DENSE_RANK() OVER (ORDER BY SALARY DESC) AS DENSERANK FROM EMPLOYEES ) SELECT TOP 1 SALARY FROM RESULT WHERE DENSERANK = N To find 2nd highest salary we can use any of the above queries. Simple replace N with 2. Similarly, to find 3rd highest salary, simple replace N with 3. Please Note: On many of the websites, you may have seen that, the following query can be used to get the nth highest salary. The below query will only work if there are no duplicates. WITH RESULT AS ( SELECT SALARY, ROW_NUMBER() OVER (ORDER BY SALARY DESC) AS ROWNUMBER FROM EMPLOYEES ) SELECT SALARY FROM RESULT WHERE ROWNUMBER = 3
Views: 861267 kudvenkat
Installing Linux & Windows in Dual Boot: CORRECT PARTITION SCHEME & BOOT LOADER SETUP
 
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In this video, I will cover two important steps of Installing Linux alongside your windows OS. 1) Choosing the correct Partition scheme 2) Setting up your Windows Boot loader to boot to Linux instead of Linux bootloader (e.g : GRUB) During a standard Linux installation, a user do not have to worry about this. But when you are trying to install Linux in separate partition, keeping your current OS, it gets little trickier. If you do not configure these two options correctly, you might end up corrupting your bootloader or previous OS installation. I will also show how you can add your Linux os option to the Windows 8 bootloader using BCDedit. This is important so that in case in future if you decide to get rid of Linux OS, your computer boots normally without any issues.
Views: 80195 XPSTECH
Leaner, Faster Code with Advanced SQL Techniques
 
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Connor Mcdonald, Developer Advocate for SQL, Oracle Most SQL is so simple to write that we can hand off the job to an ORM tool or a similar mechanism. But by delving a little deeper into more-advanced SQL facilities, we can get performance benefits and write a lot less middle-tier code. This session highlights some SQL techniques for solving problems that would otherwise require a lot of complex coding. Learn how to become a more productive developer by expanding your knowledge of the SQL language.
Views: 4194 Oracle Developers
Hierarchical Queries in Oracle (CONNECT BY)
 
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This video demonstrates one of the ways to query hierarchical data from Oracle. For more information see: https://oracle-base.com/articles/misc/hierarchical-queries Website: https://oracle-base.com Blog: https://oracle-base.com/blog Twitter: https://twitter.com/oraclebase Cameo by Arjen Visser Blog: http://blog.dbvisit.com/ Twitter: https://twitter.com/dbvisit Website: http://www.dbvisit.com/ Cameo appearances are for fun, not an endorsement of the content of this video.
Views: 26511 ORACLE-BASE.com
SQL with Oracle 10g XE - Using the COUNT and SUM Functions
 
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In this video I use the COUNT and SUM functions available to the SQL language. I used the COUNT function to add up the number of records in my query. This function works well with all data types and will just count the number or records that result from the conditions of your query. The SUM function will add up the numeric values and produce a total amount of a column. When using a function be sure to use parenthesis around the column you are performing the function on. This video is part of a series of videos with the purpose of learning the SQL language. For more information visit Lecture Snippets at http://lecturesnippets.com.
Views: 7698 Lecture Snippets
PIVOT Tutorial - generating dynamic column with PIVOT Interview Question SQL
 
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In this lecture you will learn about PIVOT operator and using it to generate dynamic columns.PIVOT is very use full operator to convert values into columns. PIVOT: •Convert your output from (values)vertical order to horizontal(making columns) one Topic to cover: •PIVOT example •PIVOT syntax •Interview Question •PIVOT on northwind •Dynamic PIVOT query http://www.techsapphire.in/index/pivot_sql_lesson_with_generating_dynamic_columns_with_pivot/0-158
Views: 27999 techsapphire
[HowTo] CentOS / RHEL 7 Installation with Custom Partitioning [www.tejasbarot.com]
 
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RHEL 7 / CentOS 7 Installation Video. This Video will show you How to Install CentOS Operating System with Custom Paritioning, Please do not forget to give feedback on www.tejasbarot.com, Keep Visiting Blog.
Views: 40688 Tejas Barot
Learn Oracle SQL : The Hierarchical Query Clause
 
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http://bit.ly/oracle-sql-course | Get the complete course today. Learn Oracle SQL : The Hierarchical Query Clause: In this video, I show you how to use the Hierarchical Query Clause in Oracle SQL to build a basic hierarchical query. This is an excerpt of the course "The Ultimate Oracle SQL Course" which you can get at a heavily discounted price here: http://bit.ly/oracle-sql-course ================ You can find additional Oracle SQL related articles and educational content in my blog here: http://standout-dev.com/
Views: 6196 Oracle SQL
Oracle Query Optimization. Partitioned Tables and Indexes
 
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In this lesson, an introduction about Oracle Query Optimization. Partitioned Tables and Indexes. How to see plan of query. Monitoring plan of queries. SQL Plan
Views: 37 Mkrtich Pudeyan
Hive partition with example - Interview Question
 
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PARTITIONINING ===================== 1)Dynamic 2)Static 1)Creation of Table all states ============================================== create table student_nonpartition(Name string, District string,Year string) row format delimited fields terminated by '|'; 2)Loading data into created table all states Load data local inpath '/home/cloudera/Desktop/partition_data.txt' into table student_nonpartition; 3)Creation of partition table create table student_partition(Name string,District string) PARTITIONED BY(Year string); 4)For partition we have to set this property set hive.exec.dynamic.partition.mode=nonstrict 5)Loading data into partition table INSERT OVERWRITE TABLE student_partition PARTITION(Year) SELECT name,district,Year from student_nonpartition;
Views: 144 ANKUSH THAVALI
How to find nth Highest Salary in SQL ( 6 Methods )
 
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This video describes how to find out nth highest salary, different / various methods / ways/types to find nth highest/lowest salary/income value using SQL server.Simple ways to get/extract particular amount.It give brief explanation with live/real time/practical examples.This is one of the most interview question in SQL. How to retrieve nth position of record of from table? , SQL Server interview question and answers.Query to select top max salary from given table.
Views: 27080 Tech Jago
SQL Aggregation queries using Group By, Sum, Count and Having
 
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From SQL Queries Joes 2 Pros (Vol2) ch4.1. Learn up to write aggregated queries.
Views: 165997 Joes2Pros SQL Trainings
Intermediate Oracle 11g - 3. Specialized Queries
 
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This Course can only be played using a subscription. You can play only first 3 chapters for free. Click Here to avail a subscription This Intermediate FT course expands on the Introduction to Oracle 11g course. It gives you a more detailed grass roots knowledge of Oracle SQL and Oracle PL/SQL. Author and expert Gavin Powell covers a wide range of topics including many types of queries, expressions, and statements. He also explores sequences, synonyms, views, materialized views, user access and security, working with indexes, and the basics of programming with PL/SQL. As with the introductory course, this intermediate course is not focused on Oracle Certification but will give you a good start towards some more advanced aspects of coding SQL and PL/SQL. Parts: 01. Composite Query Syntax. 02. Using Composite Queries pt. 1. 03. Using Composite Queries pt. 2. 04. Hierarchical Queries. 05. Hierarchical Query Syntax. 06. Hierarchical Family Trees pt. 1. 07. Hierarchical Family Trees pt. 2. 08. Flashback Query Syntax. 09. Flashback Query Pseudocolumns. 10. Using Flashback Queries pt. 1. 11. Using Flashback Queries pt. 2.
Views: 1112 Free Training
Lead and Lag functions in SQL Server 2012
 
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In this video we will discuss about Lead and Lag functions. Lead and Lag functions Introduced in SQL Server 2012 Lead function is used to access subsequent row data along with current row data Lag function is used to access previous row data along with current row data ORDER BY clause is required PARTITION BY clause is optional Syntax LEAD(Column_Name, Offset, Default_Value) OVER (ORDER BY Col1, Col2, ...) LAG(Column_Name, Offset, Default_Value) OVER (ORDER BY Col1, Col2, ...) Offset - Number of rows to lead or lag. Default_Value - The default value to return if the number of rows to lead or lag goes beyond first row or last row in a table or partition. If default value is not specified NULL is returned. We will use the following Employees table for the examples in this video SQL Script to create the Employees table Create Table Employees ( Id int primary key, Name nvarchar(50), Gender nvarchar(10), Salary int ) Go Insert Into Employees Values (1, 'Mark', 'Male', 1000) Insert Into Employees Values (2, 'John', 'Male', 2000) Insert Into Employees Values (3, 'Pam', 'Female', 3000) Insert Into Employees Values (4, 'Sara', 'Female', 4000) Insert Into Employees Values (5, 'Todd', 'Male', 5000) Insert Into Employees Values (6, 'Mary', 'Female', 6000) Insert Into Employees Values (7, 'Ben', 'Male', 7000) Insert Into Employees Values (8, 'Jodi', 'Female', 8000) Insert Into Employees Values (9, 'Tom', 'Male', 9000) Insert Into Employees Values (10, 'Ron', 'Male', 9500) Go Lead and Lag functions example WITHOUT partitions : This example Leads 2 rows and Lags 1 row from the current row. When you are on the first row, LEAD(Salary, 2, -1) allows you to move forward 2 rows and retrieve the salary from the 3rd row. When you are on the first row, LAG(Salary, 1, -1) allows us to move backward 1 row. Since there no rows beyond row 1, Lag function in this case returns the default value -1. When you are on the last row, LEAD(Salary, 2, -1) allows you to move forward 2 rows. Since there no rows beyond the last row 1, Lead function in this case returns the default value -1. When you are on the last row, LAG(Salary, 1, -1) allows us to move backward 1 row and retrieve the salary from the previous row. SELECT Name, Gender, Salary, LEAD(Salary, 2, -1) OVER (ORDER BY Salary) AS Lead_2, LAG(Salary, 1, -1) OVER (ORDER BY Salary) AS Lag_1 FROM Employees Lead and Lag functions example WITH partitions : Notice that in this example, Lead and Lag functions return default value if the number of rows to lead or lag goes beyond first row or last row in the partition. SELECT Name, Gender, Salary, LEAD(Salary, 2, -1) OVER (PARTITION By Gender ORDER BY Salary) AS Lead_2, LAG(Salary, 1, -1) OVER (PARTITION By Gender ORDER BY Salary) AS Lag_1 FROM Employees Text version of the video http://csharp-video-tutorials.blogspot.com/2015/10/lead-and-lag-functions-in-sql-server.html Slides http://csharp-video-tutorials.blogspot.com/2015/10/lead-and-lag-functions-in-sql-server_5.html All SQL Server Text Articles http://csharp-video-tutorials.blogspot.com/p/free-sql-server-video-tutorials-for.html All SQL Server Slides http://csharp-video-tutorials.blogspot.com/p/sql-server.html All Dot Net and SQL Server Tutorials in English https://www.youtube.com/user/kudvenkat/playlists?view=1&sort=dd All Dot Net and SQL Server Tutorials in Arabic https://www.youtube.com/c/KudvenkatArabic/playlists
Views: 48102 kudvenkat
Part 4   Delete duplicate rows in sql
 
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Link for all dot net and sql server video tutorial playlists http://www.youtube.com/user/kudvenkat/playlists Link for slides, code samples and text version of the video http://csharp-video-tutorials.blogspot.com/2014/05/part-4-delete-duplicate-rows-in-sql.html In this video, we will discuss deleting all duplicate rows except one from a sql server table. SQL Script to create Employees table Create table Employees ( ID int, FirstName nvarchar(50), LastName nvarchar(50), Gender nvarchar(50), Salary int ) GO Insert into Employees values (1, 'Mark', 'Hastings', 'Male', 60000) Insert into Employees values (1, 'Mark', 'Hastings', 'Male', 60000) Insert into Employees values (1, 'Mark', 'Hastings', 'Male', 60000) Insert into Employees values (2, 'Mary', 'Lambeth', 'Female', 30000) Insert into Employees values (2, 'Mary', 'Lambeth', 'Female', 30000) Insert into Employees values (3, 'Ben', 'Hoskins', 'Male', 70000) Insert into Employees values (3, 'Ben', 'Hoskins', 'Male', 70000) Insert into Employees values (3, 'Ben', 'Hoskins', 'Male', 70000) The delete query should delete all duplicate rows except one. Here is the SQL query that does the job. PARTITION BY divides the query result set into partitions. WITH EmployeesCTE AS ( SELECT *, ROW_NUMBER()OVER(PARTITION BY ID ORDER BY ID) AS RowNumber FROM Employees ) DELETE FROM EmployeesCTE WHERE RowNumber ] 1
Views: 321787 kudvenkat
LAST VALUE function in SQL Server
 
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last_value function in sql server 2008 sql server last_value function returns incorrect data sql server last_value function example sql server last_value function with partition example LAST_VALUE function in SQL Server In this video we will discuss LAST_VALUE function in SQL Server. LAST_VALUE function Introduced in SQL Server 2012 Retrieves the last value from the specified column ORDER BY clause is required PARTITION BY clause is optional ROWS or RANGE clause is optional, but for it to work correctly you may have to explicitly specify a value Syntax : LAST_VALUE(Column_Name) OVER (ORDER BY Col1, Col2, ...) LAST_VALUE function not working as expected : In the following example, LAST_VALUE function does not return the name of the highest paid employee. This is because we have not specified an explicit value for ROWS or RANGE clause. As a result it is using it's default value RANGE BETWEEN UNBOUNDED PRECEDING AND CURRENT ROW. SELECT Name, Gender, Salary, LAST_VALUE(Name) OVER (ORDER BY Salary) AS LastValue FROM Employees LAST_VALUE function working as expected : In the following example, LAST_VALUE function returns the name of the highest paid employee as expected. Notice we have set an explicit value for ROWS or RANGE clause to ROWS BETWEEN UNBOUNDED PRECEDING AND UNBOUNDED FOLLOWING This tells the LAST_VALUE function that it's window starts at the first row and ends at the last row in the result set. SELECT Name, Gender, Salary, LAST_VALUE(Name) OVER (ORDER BY Salary ROWS BETWEEN UNBOUNDED PRECEDING AND UNBOUNDED FOLLOWING) AS LastValue FROM Employees LAST_VALUE function example with partitions : In the following example, LAST_VALUE function returns the name of the highest paid employee from the respective partition. SELECT Name, Gender, Salary, LAST_VALUE(Name) OVER (PARTITION BY Gender ORDER BY Salary ROWS BETWEEN UNBOUNDED PRECEDING AND UNBOUNDED FOLLOWING) AS LastValue FROM Employees Text version of the video http://csharp-video-tutorials.blogspot.com/2015/10/lastvalue-function-in-sql-server.html Slides http://csharp-video-tutorials.blogspot.com/2015/10/lastvalue-function-in-sql-server_9.html All SQL Server Text Articles http://csharp-video-tutorials.blogspot.com/p/free-sql-server-video-tutorials-for.html All SQL Server Slides http://csharp-video-tutorials.blogspot.com/p/sql-server.html Full SQL Server Course https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PL4cyC4G0M1RQ_Rm52cQ4CcOJ_T_HXeMB4 All Dot Net and SQL Server Tutorials in English https://www.youtube.com/user/kudvenkat/playlists?view=1&sort=dd All Dot Net and SQL Server Tutorials in Arabic https://www.youtube.com/c/KudvenkatArabic/playlists
Views: 32007 kudvenkat
ORACLE SQL AND PL/SQL INTERVIEW QUESTION : PRINT 1 TO 5 USING SQL
 
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This video explains on the oracle sql interview question to print 1 to 5 on the screen using only oracle sql statement. The solution is given using the union operator and also by using the hierarchical queries.
Views: 2444 Kishan Mashru
Oracle Database11g tutorials 11: SQL case manipulation function in Oracle Database
 
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Part 2 SQL functions- character function -case manipulation functions Previous Video Link :: http://youtu.be/5rx8Q4x4-qI Tool used in this tutorial is command prompt. This tutorial series is part of SQL expert exam certification training. if you are preparing for SQL certification you can use my tutorials. This SQL Tutorial is a part of free training. Copy Cloud referral link || Use this link to join copy cloud and get 20GB of free storage https://copy.com?r=j7eYO7 Contacts E-Mail [email protected] Twitter https://twitter.com/rebellionrider Instagram http://instagram.com/rebellionrider Facebook. https://www.facebook.com/imthebhardwaj Linkedin. http://in.linkedin.com/in/mannbhardwaj/ Thanks for linking, commenting, sharing and watching more of our videos This is Manish from RebellionRider.com ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- As discuss in last video we have 3 case manipulation functions. In case you miss the SQL functions intro video you can find the link in the description below. First let's see what these functions are. Upper (): This function takes a parameter converts it into uppercase and returns the new string. Initcap (): this function also takes parameter and converts the initial letter of or parameter into uppercase and returns the new string. Lower (): This function takes a parameter converts it into lowercase and returns the new string. Ok let's do some practical For this practical we will be using 2 tables First is dual table Which is a dummy table provided by oracle? And I have created another table again by the name of example. This will be our second table. Let's start with SQL function upper ( ); SELECT upper('hello world') FROM dual; As you can see I have used "hello world" completely in lowercase as parameter to SQL upper function. Execute it. Here, our result has given us a completely new hello world string which is in uppercase. Similarly you can also use SQL upper function to perform other DML Let's try This time we will work on our second table EXAMPLE; insert into example values (upper('manish')); first parentheses for values and second for SQL function upper. Let's check the result. As you can see here inserted value is in upper case. Lets compare it with simple insert query Insert into example values ('manish'); Execute it, i think now it's clear that when we perform simple insert DML the inserted value will be the same you provide. Similarly let's try SQL function initcap(); SELECT initcap('hello world') FROM dual; As you see here in result the initial letters of string hello world are in uppercase. Let's do the insert query insert into example values (initcap('hello world')); initial letters of string also are in uppercase. Let's try SQL function lower(); This time we have to write our hello world in all caps. SELECT lower('HELLO WORLD') FROM dual; Execute String totally in lower case. Similarly you can user SQL function lower in other DML like insert and all.
Views: 84865 Manish Sharma
SQL1 - using select; choosing your columns; distinct rows.
 
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The basics of SQL with Oracle Apex; starting the SQL language with the idea of relational database tables, and simple ways to obtain data from them.
Views: 547 Charles Boisvert

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